Hover over a bubble to see details with links to studies. Click on a link in the axes to see an explanation of the Intervention / Outcome. Select an area of the chart to zoom in. Toggle study categories on and off using the legend at the bottom of the chart. Export the chart using the menu button at the top right of the chart.
Behaviour change and adoption
Transfer or modification of behavior in implementing conservation practices for responsible forest management
Any measure of the variety of organisms present in different ecosystems. This can refer to genetic variation, ecosystem variation or species variation (number of species) within an area, biome or planet.
Benefits from services that are necessary for the production of all other ecosystem services. These include services such as nutrient recycling, primary production and soil formation. These services make it possible for ecosystems to provide services such as food, regulate floods and water purification.
Products obtained from the ecosystems that can be directly used by consumers.
Forest cover and condition
Measures of forest quality and quantity, such as deforestation, forest cover, forest loss, forest degradation, afforestation, re-forestation/ restoration and forest fires.
Benefits obtained from the regulation of ecosystem processes including carbon sequestration, climate regulation, and waste decomposition, purification of air and water, pest and disease control.
Non-material benefits people obtain from ecosystems through spiritual enrichment, cognitive development, reflection, recreation, aesthetic experiences and research and development (eg. Travel cost is used to measure the recreational value of a Protected Area).
Employment opportunities for forest dependent communities and negative or positive effects on livelihoods.
Income and poverty reduction
Changes in assets and incomes derived by various types of forest related livelihood activities (wage work, business, forest utilization, cash transfers) measured as is or through poverty indexes (index of unsatisfied basic needs, Multi-dimensional poverty index, etc.)
Increase in the decision-making authority (investment decision, rule making) and public participation in democratic decision-making of local users.
Physical, social and economic access to basic food and its effects on nutritional intake
Health condition improvements due to improved forest conditions (changes in air quality, water quality, carbon absorption) and better socio-economic conditions due to forests.
Decentralized forest management
Decentralizing forest management by involving various stakeholders (private sector, forest communities and government) to decentralize decision making and managing and governing forests. Example: Joint forest management, participatory management, community based management, property rights, sustainable land management under different community management strategies, etc.
Education and awareness campaigns
Conservation related education and awareness raising campaigns among communities that aim to increase conservational practices. (eg. campaigns encouraging afforestation or promoting sustainable practices like selective logging.)
Application of resource management technologies that aid in curbing forest resource extraction either through substitutes or efficient use of resources (eg use of improved cooking stoves, biomass)
Payment for Ecosystem Services (PES)
Incentives offered to individuals/communities in exchange for managing land to provide some sort of ecological services to foster sustainable practices for the forest ecosystems.
Protected areas (FCGM)
Recognizing areas for protection. (Protected areas or conservation areas are locations which receive protection because of their recognized natural, ecological and/or cultural values.)
A land use management system that combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy, and sustainable land-use systems. (eg through alley cropping or strip cropping of trees with crops)
Policy regulating mechanisms
Policies encouraging implementation of forest conservation (i.e. encouraging recycling, policy measures, Externally imposed regulations vs community self-governance; regulatory enforcement of forest conservation, etc.)
Subsidies and concessions
Provision of concessions or subsidies for natural resource management given to the stakeholders for forest conservation activities. ( E.g. agricultural subsidies for reduction of forest cover or timber/oil palm concessions)
National forest programs (multi-pronged)
Large scale programs (like Integrated Conservation and Development Projects) (biodiversity and rural development) addressing multiple outcomes like deforestation and livelihoods, etc.
Entrepreneurial activities of forest resources comprising of environmentally and economically sustainable alternatives. (eg. production of artisan wood products, production and sale of natural oils, eco-tourism)
Forest certification and public disclosure
Voluntary Public Disclosures and voluntary certifications in order to manage risk and demonstrating responsible sourcing by the private sector towards forest conservation.
Trade laws and management
Regulation and management of trade associated with forest products through laws or policies. (Examples: banning, selective logging, timber trading, etc.)
International legislation, agreements and laws aimed at mitigating and adapting to global warming
International programs and initiatives
International programs and initiatives (such as REDD and REDD+) that focus on reducing emissions through enhanced forest management.
Grass-root demonstrative trainings of communities that aim to promote sustainable conservation activities. Eg Sustainable logging practices, market linkages, workshops on trainings stakeholders on participatory management practice like harvest quota, benefit share, local governance.
Click items in the legend to toggle the category off and on in the graph. High, Medium and Low Confidence and Protocol categories apply only to Systematic Reviews. High, Medium and Low Confidence refersto confidence in conclusions about effects. It indicates the overall rating given to a systematic review based on a careful appraisal of the methods applied in a systematic review, using a standardised checklist.
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