Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) Prevention

Last modified date: 20 March 2019

Since the first map was published in 2017, the evidence base has expanded significantly. This update covers evidence published between August 2016 and July 2018. The map comprises of 95 completed and 44 ongoing impact evaluations and 2 systematic review protocols, totalling 141 studies. The authors used the same outcomes and interventions framework as the original map.

Main findings

  • Most of the evidence from low- and middle-income countries is concentrated in South Africa, India, Uganda, Bangladesh, Tanzania and Mexico.
  • Thirty-five per cent of studies disaggregate results by sex in their analyses and 28 per cent analyse power relations or gender norms as an outcome.
  • Thirty-four completed impact evaluations focus on a vulnerable subset of the population, including refugees, pregnant women and sex workers.
  • Two previously empty areas of the map now have evidence – communication campaigns for institutions, and socio-economic triggers as outcomes for men, often measured by changes in behaviour, knowledge or attitudes towards IPV.
  • Twenty-six newly reported ongoing impact evaluations show that the evidence base will continue growing.

Implications for policy, programming, research investments

  • Impact evaluation researchers should measure more male outcomes; measure changed gendered social norms as an outcome; and include vulnerable populations, such as lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer partners, in the sample.
  • Researchers should synthesise the existing evidence on the impact of income-generation programmes, such as cash transfer or asset transfer programmes, on women’s experience of or response to IPV.
  • Implementing organisations will benefit from forging stronger relationships with local governments, educational systems, and community-based organisations to enable impact evaluations that evaluate IPV prevention interventions for the populations they serve.
  • Organisations funding research need to direct more funding and give strategic priority to multi-arm randomised evaluations and randomised controlled trials, designed with the improvements recommended above, and require their grantees to conduct long-term follow-up surveys and cost-effectiveness analyses.
  • All research needs to disaggregate by sex.

Original map publication date: 12 June 2017
Current map date of publication: 30 September 2019

Online map citation: Dickens, ED, Augier, MG, Sabet, SM, Picon, MG, Rankin, K, 2019. Intimate partner violence prevention evidence gap map: 2018 update, 3ie Evidence Gap Map Report 8 (updated). Washington, DC: International Initiative for Impact Evaluation (3ie).

Related 3ie publications

Report: Intimate partner violence prevention evidence gap map: 2018 update

Brief: Intimate partner violence prevention evidence gap map: 2018 update